This is a very simple book, written for those who just learned the basic rules of chess and are looking for a light, fast and easy to understand reading. / This book was written so that beginners of all levels can take a first step. Anyone can read this book, as some notion of the basic rules of the game are enough to understand it. Everything was done so that a nine years old child can enjoy the book alone, without adult help. / There is no theory. The book has only practical tests. / The book is based on diagrams, which work in pairs: on a page, a figure proposes a test; on the next page, another figure shows the response. Simple as that! / You do NOT need a chessboard to use the book: just sit down in a comfortable armchair and flip through the pages quietly (in an airplane, a restaurant, a living room, a taxi, a waiting room, on the subway or in your bed before sleeping). / You do NOT need to know the algebraic notation in this book: the answers are shown in the diagrams directly, by means of arrows. However, gradually this notation is presented because in the future you will read more advanced books that use it. / Attack and defense situations are here: so, whenever you are playing, in your turn you will be used to examine the chessboard in search of attacking opportunities and risks that require defense maneuvers. / Less is more! A book which is intended to be a first reading on chess must be small and must demand just a pair of hours. So, this book has just 130 pages and 60 tests selected and planned to induce a gradual learning process. / The problems are not difficult, especially the first twenty. It is expected that you can hit 80% of the book's problems, if not all. Gradually, very common tactical ideas, such as double attacks and discovered checks, will be presented naturally. On average you will take a minute per test. / At the end of the book, your vision of the game has started to improve, and so you can continue your training with other more advanced books (there is a list of reading suggestions for beginners on the last page of the book). / The only requirement is: never turn a page before you set your own guess! The book will only work if you actually try to solve each of the tests. / Thanks for your interest: I hope this book will help you to play well. / WARNING: this book is useful just for very beginners.
This volume contains the Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) and Emil-Warburg-Symposium (EWS) "Nonlinear Coherent Structures in Phy- sics and Biology" held at the University of Bayreuth from June 1 -4, 1993. Director of the ARW was K. H. Spatschek, while F.G. Mertens acted as the co-director, host, and organizer of the EWS. The other members of the scientific organizing committee were A.R. Bishop (Los Alamos), J.C. Eilbeck (Edinburgh), and M. Remoissenet (Dijon). This was the eighth meeting in a series of interdisciplinary workshops founded by our French colleagues who had organized all the previous workshops, e.g. 1989 in Montpel- lier and 1991 in Dijon. We were asked to organize the meeting this time in Germany. Of course, we wanted to keep the character defined by the previous meetings, which were always characterized by an open and friendly atmosphere, being not too large in quantity, but high in quality. This time altogether 103 participants attended the workshop. During the past years most of the participants met several times and discussed problems connected with the generation of nonlinear coherent structures in physics and biology.
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